The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government approved the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson halted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to receive the necessary support and announced his intention to declare a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the withdrawal agreement; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the withdrawal agreement. It was then concluded by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. The UK will keep a copy of the agreement while the original will return to Brussels where it will be kept in an archive along with other historic international agreements. The bill was backed by 358 MPs, while 234 voted against the proposal. After the second defeat of May`s divorce agreement, the European Council met in Brussels on 21 March to decide what to do next.
EU leaders have given May two options: postpone Brexit until 22 May if MPs vote in favour of the withdrawal deal, or postpone it until 12 April if they vote against the deal. If the deal fails again in Parliament, May could ask for a lengthy extension. Under the agreement, the UK will leave the EU at midnight Central European time on 31 January. The UK will remain in the EU internal market and customs union until the end of 2020, but none of the decision-making bodies are in place. The European Parliament`s Constitutional Affairs Committee backed the agreement on Thursday by 23 votes to 3 and launched the final act next week in a plenary session of the European Parliament on ratification of the agreement. The images of Johnson who signed the official agreement after more than two years of negotiations came after a more sober photographic moment for Ursula von der Leyen and Charles Michel, respectively leaders of the European Commission and the Council. Royal approval of the bill means the UK will leave the EU on 31 January as long as the European Parliament also approves the deal. The foreign minister has questioned the UK`s continued involvement in the Iran nuclear deal, following Donald Trump`s request to withdraw the government from the deal. The most important elements of the draft agreement are: The agreement was revised as part of the johnson department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments fit about 5% of the text.  Charles Michel, the new President of the European Council, tweeted shortly after the law was passed that “equal conditions of competition remain a must.” France and Germany pledged to maintain a united front in talks with Britain when Britain introduced its new Brexit law on Wednesday, a day after it admitted it could violate international law with its EU withdrawal treaty.
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